Expanding aluminum high-end demand resolve aluminium industry overcapacity

by:AAG     2020-11-09

due to slowing demand growth, supply expands, since 2012, the world of non-ferrous metals market begins to enter the periodic downlink channel, mainly non-ferrous metals such as copper and aluminum zinc nickel prices are falling; In 2015 is a bluff fell, the non-ferrous metal industry downward pressure continues to increase. Market at home and abroad mainly non-ferrous metals demand growth is apparent, some non-ferrous metals enterprises to adopt measures to limit production, production, non-ferrous metal production in China last year continued to grow. According to the ministry released & other; In 2015, non-ferrous metals industry operation & throughout; In 2015, according to ten kinds of non-ferrous metal production 50. 9 million tons, year-on-year growth of 5. 8%. Among them, the electrolytic aluminium production, fastest growing up to 31. 41 million tons, year-on-year growth of 8. 4%. At the same time, as the first big tradition non-ferrous metal consumption field in China, the real estate investment growth continued to fall, to a certain extent, contributed to the aluminium industry overcapacity. “ To really resolve aluminium excess capacity, not only depends on the joint production limit production, still should dig aluminium consumption potential, expanding high-end demand to promote reform of the supply side. ” China nonferrous metals industry association, vice President of literature army recently in an interview with reporters, said, unlike steel, coal, nonferrous metal industry overcapacity excess belongs to the stage, its consumption peak and not yet come. According to the China nonferrous metals industry association, and other Much starker choices-and graver consequences-in & throughout; Aluminum consumption growth will remain at 7% to 8%, is expected to & other; Much starker choices-and graver consequences-in & throughout; Late, the aluminum consumption in China will reach 44 million tons/year consumption peak, there are still more than 10 million tons of consumption growth space. Therefore, continue to dig consumption space, dissolve excess capacity has become the electrolytic aluminium industry of choice. With a series of excellent properties of aluminum and its alloy materials, is the most ideal realization of lightweight & other; Green environmental protection and energy saving & throughout; Material, can be widely used in transportation, construction, electricity, packaging, machinery equipment, Marine engineering, electronic information and household appliances and durable consumer goods, etc. According to the ministry, as a result of aluminum product application scope and scale expands unceasingly, to the end of last year China's electrolytic aluminium production capacity utilization has been restored to more than 80%. But compared with developed countries, China's per capita consumption of aluminum is only half of Europe and the United States and other countries, aluminum stock was worth only a quarter of the American society, there are a lot of potential. In automotive aluminum, for example, at present, China's passenger car with aluminum amount for an average of 110 kg/m vehicles, significantly lower than the developed countries between 150 and 160 kg/car; And European cars with aluminum amount plan will continue to receive up to 300 kg/cars. At the same time, the increasingly strict environmental protection, energy conservation and emission reduction policy prompted automobile, railway vehicles and other transportation equipment manufacturing enterprises continuously enhance the level of light car body, according to the domestic and foreign research shows that cars per weight 10%, fuel consumption can be reduced by 8% to 10%; 16 tons to 20 tons load vehicles per weight 1000 kilograms, fuel consumption can be reduced by 6% to 7%. “ This fully shows that aluminum market space is huge in the field of automotive lightweighting etc. ” Literature army said. In fact, since 2013, the China nonferrous metals industry association has kept expanding consumer as the basic way to dissolve the electrolytic aluminium excess capacity, and successively in transportation & other; With steel & aluminium generation throughout; , the power industry & other; With aluminum section copper & throughout; , building templates & other; With aluminum section wood & throughout; Done a lot of aspects such as promotion, to expand the aluminum applications in areas such as transportation, construction and power laid a solid foundation. “ From the aluminum semi-trailer, architectural engineering use aluminum formwork and scaffolding, aluminum alloy enclosure plate to the workshop, to the electric bus aluminum body, association strives to promote an aluminum products application, brought development opportunities for aluminum industry to expand consumption. ” Literature army said, after stripping out aluminum exports, without fully considering the inventory, in 2015 China's aluminum consumption of 27. 09 million tons, year-on-year growth of 8. 8%. Specific view, in 2015 China's transportation quantity more than 5. 5 million tons of aluminum, including about 470000 tons of extrusion materials. In the field of automobile, & other; Five-year & throughout; During the period of China's automobile manufacturing industry, the average annual compound growth rate of aluminum consumption is 20. 9%, aluminum profile, strip, castings, forgings, the application of continuous increase in the car; In railway vehicles travelling at 250 km per hour or more high-speed railway vehicle body is all aluminum. According to statistics, in 2015 China's production of all aluminum high-speed 3032, all aluminum subway vehicles 2400 vehicles, calculated at each 10 tons, aluminum consumption up to 5. 50000 tons. At the same time, many enterprises in expanding aluminum applications also do sufficient article. To dissolve the aluminum industry overcapacity, expanding high-end demand, at the beginning of 2015, the industry leading enterprises chinalco specially established lightweight promotion office, set out to automotive, Marine transportation, such as lightweight special research. In terms of transportation material lightweight, provided by chalco aluminum alloy material production 1. Section 30000 all aluminum coal appearance of the train, marks its & other; With steel & aluminium generation throughout; Lightweight applications took a step to success. “ In the process of resolving excess capacity, electrolytic aluminium adjustment of industrial structure has much space and time, there are many potential consumption growth. ” Literature thought, electrolytic aluminum in the short term the market will still be an oversupply situation, but the status of the excess production capacity will not worsen, and the elasticity in the industry production, expand consumption such as measures to gradually ease, under the function of aluminium prices will finally return to the industry average cost range near the line.
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